BY THE 6TH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME
By the end of 2004 the Commission is required to provide report on the
possibility to maintain, or not, cadmium, in the exemption list of Directive
2000/53 on End-of-Life Vehicles. The SUBAT proposal aims to make a comprehensive
and complete assessment of commercially available and forthcoming battery
technologies in the world, including Ni-Cd, on the basis of:
technical assessment comparing their performances for full EV and
HEV (specific energy, specific power, proven cycle life and calendar
life cycle cost analysis, operation at extreme temperature, charge
acceptance, maintenance issues, safety, energetical efficiency of the
availability of recycling process at industrial stage, operation
during applications). SUBAT will also take into account the status
batteries as to their availability as commercial products.
environmental assessment in order to be able to give them an environmental
score which can designate them as being a sustainable solution or
not. A life-cycle-analysis approach will investigate availability of
materials, environmental impact of extraction and manufacturing of
the battery, emissions from the battery during use, release of components
in case of accident, recycling of active materials, production of
waste and environmental impact of recycling processes.
- an economical
assessment with both a micro-economical analysis of production, manufacturing
cost of the batteries, forecast cost for the consumers and a macro-economical
study to take into account the position of battery manufacturers
on the global market, assessing European vs. non-European products
on the European trade balance.
Through this multidisciplinary approach,
SUBAT will allow to define an overall view of all aspects of the automotive
battery market, in order to provide the Commission with a valuable
policy support tool that will assist in tracing the pathways for the
transport of the future.